ืขืœ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืงื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช

ืขืœ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืงื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช ื ื ืกื” ื›ืืŸ ืœืชืช ืชืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืืœื”: ืขืœ ืกืžืš ืžื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืื“ื ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช? ืžื” ื’ื•ืจื ืœื• ืœื‘ืฆืข ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืื• ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืื—ืจื•ืช? ืื™ืš ื”ื•ื ืงื•ื‘ืข ืกื“ืจ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช? ืžื“ื•ืข ืืœื” ืงื•ื“ืžื•ืช ืœืืœื”? ืขืœ ืžื” ืžื•ืฉืชืช ืกื“ืจ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ื™ื•ืช ื–ื”? ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื• ื•ืžื” ื“ื—ื•ืฃ ืœื•? ืื‘ืจื”ื ืžืกืœืื• (Abraham Maslow) .- ืกื•ืฆื™ื•ืœื•ื’ ื•ื”ื•ื’ื” ื“ืขื•ืช ืืžืจื™ืงืื™, ืืฉืจ ื—ื™ ื‘ืžืื” ื”ืงื•ื“ืžืช, ื˜ืขืŸ ืฉืื“ื ืžื•ึผื ึธืข ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆืจื›ื™ื, ื•ืืœื” ื”ื ืฉืงื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืœื• ืืช ืกื“ืจ ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืงื ื” ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ื™ืžื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื”ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืื—ืจื™ื. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื, ืื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืŸ ืื“ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ, ืœืื›ื•ืœ, ืœื ืฉื•ื ื•ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ื•ื ื™ืคืขืœ ื‘ืกื“ืจ ื”ื‘ื: ืงื•ื“ื ืœื ืฉื•ื, ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ, ื•ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืœืื›ื•ืœ. ื›ื™ ืื ื• ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืขืจื™ื ื™ื•ื ืื• ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืขื•ื“ [...]

ืžื•ื“ืœ ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืกืคื™ืจืœื™

ืžื•ื“ืœ ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืกืคื™ืจืœื™ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ - ืกืคื™ืจืืœื” ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื”ยฉ ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘"ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก ื”ื™ืจื—ื•ืŸ ืœื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื ื™ื”ื•ืœื™ืช" -ย ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 189ย ย  ืคืจื™ื•ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžื•ื‘ื—ืŸ ื›ืชืคื•ืงื” ืžืชืงื‘ืœืช, ืžื—ื•ืœืงืช ืœื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื, ืื• ืœืฉืขื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉื”ื•ืฉืงืขื• ื‘ื”ืฉื’ืช ืื•ืชื” ืชืคื•ืงื”. ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืคืจื™ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืฉืืช ื‘ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื ื” ืœืคื™ื” ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืคืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช. ืžื—ืฉื‘ื” ื–ื• ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ืžื”ืจื’ืœื™ื ืžื•ืฉืจืฉื™ื ื•ืžื”ืขื“ืคืชื ื• ืœึฐื›ึผึทืžึผึถืช ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช, ื›ื™ ืงืœ ืœื ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื–ื•. ื”ืžื›ื ื” ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื ื•ืกื—ื”, ืœืคื™ื” ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืคืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ ื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช โ€“ ืชื•ืคืก ืืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื, ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืœืžืจืื™ืช ืขื™ืŸ,ย  ื›ืจื•ื‘ื“ ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื, ื ื˜ื•ืœื™ ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื ื‘ื“ืœื™ื, ื”ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื•ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืžื˜ืœื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื˜ืœื• ืขืœื™ื”ื. ืžืชื›ื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืชืงืฃ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ื‘ืžืื” ื”ืงื•ื“ืžืช, ื‘ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช (Efficiency Movement), ืืš ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ืœืงื™ื•ืžื• ื‘ื–ืžื ื ื•, ืžืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืชืขืœื ื›ืžืขื˜ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืžื”ืคืŸ ื”ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ ืฉื‘ื›ืœ [...]

ืžื“ื•ืข ืžื ื”ืœื™ื ืžื•ืฆืœื—ื™ื ื ื›ืฉืœื™ื

ืžื“ื•ืข ืžื ื”ืœื™ื ืžื•ืฆืœื—ื™ื ื ื›ืฉืœื™ื ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘"ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก ื”ื™ืจื—ื•ืŸ ืœื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื ื™ื”ื•ืœื™ืช" -ย ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 182 ืžื ื”ืœ ืžื ื•ืกื”, ืžืฆืœื™ื— ื•ื ืขืจืฅ ืงื ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ืื—ื“ ื•ืžื—ืœื™ื˜ ืฉื“ืจื›ื• ื‘ื—ื‘ืจื” ื‘ื” ื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืงื™ืฆื”; ื”ื•ื ืžื™ืฆื” ืฉื ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื•ื›ืขืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ื•ืœืฆืžื•ื—. ืื—ืจื™ ืžืกื™ื‘ืช ืคืจื™ื“ื” ืžืจื’ืฉืช ื‘ื” ืฉื•ืžืข ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื”ื•ืงืจื” ื•ืžืงื‘ืœ ืฉื™ืง ื ืื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชืจื•ืžืชื•, ื”ื•ื ืื•ืจื– ืืช ืืช ื—ืคืฆื™ื• ื•ืžื ืชื‘ ืืช ืฆืขื“ื™ื• ืœื“ืจืš ื—ื“ืฉื”. ื‘ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืžืžืชื™ื ื™ื ืœื• ื‘ืงื•ืฆืจ ืจื•ื—; ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžื™ื“ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื•ืžื ืกื” ืœื”ืฉืชืœื‘ ืชื•ืš ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ืืฉ. ืื‘ืœ ืฉื ื” ืœืื—ืจ-ืžื›ืŸ ื›ื•ืœื ืื•ื‘ื“ื™ ืขืฆื•ืช. ืžื” ืงืจื”? ื”ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืื™ืฉ ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ื ื™ ื›ืœ-ื›ืš, ื‘ืขืœ ื™ื“ืข ื•ืขื‘ืจ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœื™ ื›ื” ืžืจืฉื™ื, ื™ื ื—ืœ ื›ื™ืฉืœื•ืŸ ื›ืœ-ื›ืš ืฆื•ืจื‘? ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ื›ืŸ. ื’ื ืื ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ืฉื ื” ืฉื—ืœืคื” ื—ืœื• ืชืžื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืฉื•ืง, ื”ื™ื• ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉื™ื ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ืžืจืขื™ืฉื™ื ืื• ืžืื•ืจืขื•ืช [...]